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PostLabister on 2nd November 2012, 2:18 pm

In Medicine/ Nursing, a physical examination or clinical examination (popularly known as a check – up) is the process by which Doctors investigates the body of a patient for signs of diseases. It generally follows the taking of the medical history (an account of symptoms experienced by the patient), together with the medical history. The physical examination aids in determining the correct diagnosis and devising the treatment plan for the patient. This data then becomes part of the medical record.

A physical examination may be provided under health insurance cover, required of new insurance customers, or stipulated as a condition of employment. The physicals are also marketed to patients as a one-step health review, avoiding the inconveniences of attending multiple appointments with different healthcare providers.

Comprehensive Physical Examination: This is also known as Executive physical examination and it typically include laboratory tests, chest x-rays, pulmonary function testing, electrocardiogram test, heart stress disease, vascular age test, urinalysis and mammograms or prostrate exams depending on the gender of the individual. The Executive physical format was developed from the 1970’s by the Mayo Clinics and is now offered by other health providers

Elective Physical Examination: This have become more elaborate in routine use physical examination and have become less complete. This physical examination have lead to editorials in medical journals about the importance of an adequate physical examination. In addition to the possibility of identifying signs of illness, it has been described as a ritual that plays a significant role in the Doctor-patient-relationship.

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